You are currently viewing Sociology Consulting: How to be a Sociology Consultant

Sociology Consulting: How to be a Sociology Consultant

Sociology Consulting: What is a Sociology Consultant?

Sociology consulting refers to the independent, useful, and profitable application of sociological skills and knowledge. A sociology consultant can work in various industries including technology, health, media, government and more! Yet, sociology professors continue to confront variations of questions such as, “What does someone do with a degree in sociology?,” “Does someone need a PhD to become a sociologist?,” “How do people make money with a degree in sociology?”

Likewise, students of sociology have long told stories of rationalizing their degrees to extended family at holidays or barbecues. Even as I have reflected on my own experiences, I recall coming to inaccurate conclusions about studying sociology.

For instance, somewhere along the way, I began to believe that the word “sociologist” was directly related to “having a PhD.” I also recall believing that if a sociologist did not earn a tenure-track position at a university, that the only alternatives were working for private research firms or policy institutions. Fortunately, for all the innovators out there sociology consulting exists and can be profitable.

My Experience Learning about Sociology Consulting

I have always viewed myself as innovative, creative, and a problem-solver. I received the clearest vision of what “academic” sociology was when I spent three years in a PhD granting program. The “go find a dataset and conduct research from behind a computer screen” style of sociology did not suit my skillset. It seemed the “problem” professionals were trying solve was “how to get published,” rather than how to make society better.

Frankly, I prefer to leave the problem of academic publication to someone else. As a sociologist, I see more pressing issues and I do not believe I am alone. I see a young generation of sociologists who are motivated to put their creative minds to the task of solving all of societies most looming problems.

The obstacle I see is that sociology is not seen as marketable compared to economics or psychology. While not-for-profit organizations and enterprises are noble and in some cases necessary, the lack of profitable social ventures will continue to funnel sociologists into academic jobs, thus reducing the number of sociologists free to solve problems beyond the production of knowledge.

Sociology Consulting

This brings me to “sociology consulting.” I use the term sociology consulting simply to create a frame for independent, useful, and profitable application of sociology. It is estimated that around 40% of the workforce is working as independent contractors or freelancers in the gig economy. With the rapid advancement in technology and the increasing complexity of social research, the skills obtained by sociologists are in demand.

Thinking about the demand for sociological skills, I set out to find out what practicing sociologists had to say about how sociologists are currently trained.

One practitioner told me,

“Applied sociology is seemingly viewed as a threat to research or in opposition to academic work. This is untrue. There are careers in applied sociology and we need to be filling these positions and, in fact, we need to be creating these positions. In order for that movement to occur, we must first move away from thinking of applied sociology as a threat. We need to have conversations. We must discuss the meaning of applied sociology and must participate. Additionally, we must educate our students and graduate students about applied sociology and how to become a part of the movement.”

There is a lot to unpack in this quote. The most notable piece is the idea of applied sociology being a threat to academic work, which is significant because “academic” programs are those that offer PhD’s and other advanced degrees. The second notable piece to this quote is the idea of sociologists needing to create their own positions.

This makes sociology sound entrepreneurial, a place for the innovative, creative, and problem-solving minded. All said and done, this consultant was suggesting that there is a market for sociology consulting but that formal training is lacking in preparing professionals for these positions.

Applied Sociology Skills and Knowledge

Applied sociologists have a unique set of skills to contribute to policy decisions, inform organizational structure, and assist organizations in remaining relevant in a changing and diverse workforce, but these skills have been devalued overtime.

One interview participant states,

“I don’t know why sociologists are afraid of making money. What happens is sociologists do work for free because they feel obligated to work with non-profits and organizations that do not have the means to pay a worthy salary. This will continue to devalue the discipline and lessen its worth to industry leaders.”

This elicits the point I made earlier about sociology not having a clear path to market value. Sociology holds value, we just have to put more sociologists on the mission of solving how to market our skills in such a way that is profitable and not exploitative to those who are vulnerable. In other words we need to expand sociology into other domains, a point that was iterated by this sociology consultant.

“We have to take sociology to the world, they will not come to us. We need to focus in our PhD programs on learning the intricacies of sociology but also learn to advance sociological knowledge into other domains and this process needs to be taken proactively.”

Taking Sociology Consulting to the World

We intend on sharing explicit case examples of sociology consulting in the future, but for now I would like to introduce two simple ways of demonstrating sociology consulting to those who have never thought about sociology in this manner before.

First let’s think about human resource consulting. HR deals with a variety of social issues. Whether it is workplace sexual harassment policies or hiring practices, I would prefer to have a sociological voice in those discussions. In this example we might think of the consultant using sociological theories to solve problems.

Second, consider strategy or management consulting. Good organizational leaders are constantly looking for ways to engage with people. Organizations need to systematically analyze the experiences of patients, congregants, consumers, constituents, or members in order to provide better or more inclusive service. Sociologists know how to collect and analyze this information. Here you might consider the consultant using sociological methods to solve problems.

Of course if we look at specific case studies, sociology consultants will surely use a wide variety of theoretical and methodological skills in their work. The point is that these are valuable skills.

Training for Sociology Consulting

Finally, I want to leave some thoughts about what sociology students and graduate students can do to make themselves more marketable for future consulting.


One of the first elements of becoming a private sociologist is marketing yourself to potential clients. This means that you need to organize all of your skills into a simple package, otherwise known as a brand. This is why I believe self-audit is such a valuable exercise in professional development. We have to know our skills and strengths in order to be able to sell them. I recall in graduate school being told to “not waste my time” on blogging, but personal writing can be a terrific tool for self-audit and branding.

Sociology Consulting Network

Practicing sociologists should never separate or divide themselves from academic sociologists. The two create a dynamic relationship according to Lester Ward. We should be meeting as many other professionals as possible, particularly while we are in graduate school and constantly being introduced to new people. Applied Worldwide recommends two different professional organizations for those looking to build a network. One is the Association for Applied and Clinical Sociology. The second is Sociologists for Women in Society.

Education for Sociology Consulting

While I do not believe that a person has to have a graduate degree to apply sociology to other domains, credentials help with legitimation when seeking a clientele. With that said, it would be a mistake to think that you will get the same training and preparation in any graduate program. Applied sociology programs exist and if sociology consulting is appealing, then they are worth seeking. The skills learned in PhD programs are valuable to consultants.

Coursework to become a Sociology Consultant

Through all of my conversations with practitioners, it became apparent that theory and methods courses are important. The purpose of taking these courses in excess is not to further rationalize specialization, but to build a repertoire of skills. It was also suggested that students should consider taking courses in business for additional knowledge into consulting careers.

Gary David, PhD: Analytical Insights and Design Solutions

Do I Need to Publish Journal Articles to be a Sociology Consultant?

I return to the issue of publishing academic work. Through my conversations with consultants, I asked a lot of questions about publication since it is the central goal of academic sociology. The bottom line is that when a sociologist makes a significant finding they are ethically obliged to publish. Aside from that, publishing in academic journals might give a consultant legitimacy, particularly if the work is directly related to the service offered.

Aside from those reasons, it turns out sociology consultants consistently agree that publication is not as central to career success as it is for those pursuing academic careers. One exception is publishing in journals that explicitly cater to applied sociology projects such as the Journal for Applied Social Science

Applied Worldwide Resources for Students Aspiring to Become Applied Sociologists

Applied Worldwide works to provide resources for students looking to become applied sociologists. Some of the most valuable content on our entire website comes from our series of Profiles of Applied and Clinical Sociologists. This project has resulted in a series of survey interviews with some of the top applied sociologists in various industries. We ask our respondents to comment on how they use sociology and provide some advice for undergraduate and graduate students. Our profiles include professionals from the US, UK, Canada, Nigeria, and India.

In addition to our profiles we also work with professional organizations to help provide and distribute resources for applied sociologists and the future generation of practitioners. You can read about our partnerships with the Association for Applied and Clinical Sociology and Sociologists for Women in Society.

Applied Worldwide has also published several articles related specifically on what type of jobs exist for sociologists in different industries. Some of our articles are general such as “Sociology Jobs with Career Advice from Professionals,” “Sociology Career Advice: How to get a sociology job,” and “Sociology Jobs in Nigeria: Careers for Sociologists.” These articles can be useful for students, particularly undergraduate students just learning about the types of careers that exist.

We also have published recent content that explicitly states how sociological skills and knowledge can be applied to specific industries. This information is valuable to students at all stages or professionals looking make a career change.

Analysis of Sociology Jobs in the Healthcare Industry

Analysis of Sociology Jobs in the Tech Industry

Sociologists, The Tech Industry Needs You!

Luke Hanna

Luke received his M.A. degree in sociology from the University of Northern Colorado and conducts community-based research, writing about topics such as Islamophobia, urbanism, and racial inequality. Luke is a veteran of the US Navy and has over six years of experience teaching sociology at the college level, during which he has developed innovative teaching methods incorporating the use of social media in the sociology classroom. You can connect with Luke on Twitter, LinkedIn, or by email at