You are currently viewing Sociology Terms and Definitions: Graphics for Social Media

Sociology Terms and Definitions: Graphics for Social Media

Editorial Note:

At Applied Worldwide we aim to provide high-quality social media and internet content that demonstrates the practicality of sociological knowledge. The first task, though, is to understand the language used in sociology. Over the course of the last few years we have created and distributed many different social media graphics. On this page you will find an assortment of sociology terms and definitions with graphic designs for easy sharing on social media accounts like Twitter and Facebook.

Maybe you are looking to expand your social media presence. Perhaps you are looking for graphics for your syllabus or class resources. These graphics would be great if you are using social media in your teaching. There may be many teaching and learning applications for these graphics of sociology terms and definitions.

You are free to share these graphics on your own social media pages or use them for teaching materials. Enjoy and check back soon for more terms and definitions!

Sociology Terms and Definitions

Achieved Status

Sociology terms - achieved status

Achieved Status (noun): A status that is acquired or earned as the result of personal accomplishment and merit, that serves as a reflection of ability, choice, or personal effort. –

Agent of Socialization

sociology terms - agent of socialization

Agent of Socialization (noun) – The significant individuals, groups, or institutions that influence our sense of self and the behaviors, norms, and values that help us function in society. –

Agrarian Societies

sociology terms - Agrarian Societies

Agrarian Societies (noun) – Societies in which large scale cultivation using plows and draft animals is the primary means of substitence. –


sociology terms - Alienation

Alienation (noun) – The estrangement of individuals from themselves and others; a feeling of normlessness and powerlessness caused by separation and isolation from an individual’s sense of self, society, and work. –


sociology terms - anarchy

Anarchy (noun) – The absence of any organized government. – Lumen Learning


sociology terms - anomie

Anomie (noun) – Normlessness or social instability caused by the erosion or absence of morals, norms, standards, and values in a society; A personal state of alienation, anxiety, and purposelessness caused by social instability. –

Ascribed Status

sociology terms - Ascribed Status

Ascribed Status (noun) – A status assigned at birth or assumed involuntarily later in life, often based on biological factors, that cannot be changed through individual effort or achievement. –


sociology terms - authority

Authority (noun) – Power that people accept because it comes from a source that is perceived as legitimate. – Lumen Learning


sociology terms - Bias

Bias (noun) – A tendency (either known or unknown) to prefer one thing over another that prevents objectivity, that influences understanding or outcomes in some way. –

Biological Determinism

sociology terms - Biological Determinism

Biological Determinism (noun) – The theory that all social phenomena are determined by biological factors such as genetics, not social or cultural influences. –


sociology terms - Bourgeosie

Bourgeoisie (noun) – The [economic] class that owns the means of production. –


sociology terms - Bureaucracy

Bureaucracy (noun) – An organization with formal procedures and standards; typically having a clear division of labor, explicit rules, and a hierarchy of authority. –

Class Consciousness

sociology terms - class consciousness

Class Consciousness (noun) – The sense of common class position and shared interests held by members of a social class. –


sociology terms - Colorism

Colorism (noun) – The belief that one type of skin tone is superior or inferior to another within a racial group. – Lumen Learning


sociology terms - commodification

Commodification (noun) – The changing of something not generally thought of as a commodity into something that can be bought and sold in a marketplace. – Lumen Learning

Content Analysis

Content Analysis (noun) – A research method used to describe and analyze in an objective and systemic way the content of literature, speeches, or other media presentations. The method helps to identify cultural themes or trends. –

Content Analysis in our Everyday Lives


sociology terms - counterculture

Counterculture (noun) – A subculture whose norms and values sharply contradict the dominant norms and values of the society in which it occurs. –

Cultural Capital

sociology terms - Cultural Capital

Cultural Capital (noun) – Symbolic wealth socially defined as worthy of being sought and possessed. –

Cultural Determinism

sociology terms - cultural determinism

Cultural Determinism (noun) – The view that the nature of a society is shaped primarily by the ideas and values of the people living in it. –

Culture Lag

Culture Lag (noun) – The time difference between the introduction of material innovations and resulting changes in cultural practices. –


sociology terms - deduction

Deduction (noun) – A form of logical reasoning that derives a conclusion from a set of premises and the conclusion cannot be false if the premises are true. –


sociology terms - dichotomy

Dichotomy (noun) – Two opposing parts; a distinct division. –


sociology terms - Egalitarianism

Egalitarianism (noun) – The principle that all people in a society have the same fundamental worth and should have equal civil, economic, and political rights. –

Empirical Evidence

sociology terms - Empirical Evidence

Empirical Evidence (noun) – Data gained through observation or experimentation. –


sociology terms - Gemeinschaft

Gemeinschaft (noun) – A term used by Tonnies to describe a small, traditional, community-centered society in which people have close, personal, face-to-face relationships and value social relationships as ends in themselves. –

Gender Stratification

sociology terms - Gender stratification

Gender Stratification (noun) – The hierarchical ranking of men and women and their roles in terms of unequal ownership, power, social control, prestige, and social rewards. –


sociology terms - Gentrification

Gentrification (noun) – The entry of upper- and middle-class residents to city areas or communities that have been historically less affluent. – Lumen Learning


sociology terms - Gesellschaft

Gesellschaft (noun) – A term used by Tonnies to describe an urban industrial society in which people have impersonal, formal, contractual, and specialized relationships and tend to use social relationships as a means to an end. –


sociology terms - Globalisation

Globalisation (noun) – The process by which individuals and groups in geographically separate societies are becoming increasingly interconnected through space by such means as communications media (books, television, the internet, etc) or physical travel. –


sociology terms - Hierarchy

Hierarchy (noun) – The arrangement of positions in a rank order, with those below reporting to those above. –


sociology terms - Institutionalization

Institutionalization (noun) – The act of implanting a convention or norm into society. – Lumen Learning

Iron Cage

sociology terms - Iron Cage

Iron Cage (noun) – A situation in which an individual is trapped by social institutions. – Lumen Learning


sociology terms - Marxism

Marxism (noun) – The body of ideas propounded by the nineteenth century philosopher Karl Marx (1818-83) and his followers. Marxists argue that the economic system of a society (capitalist, feudal, etc) has a considerable impact on the culture and social organisation of that society. –

Power Elite

Sociology Terms - Power Elite

Power Elite (noun) – According to Mills, a closely connected group of the corporate rich, political leaders, and military commanders who decide most key social and political issues. –


sociology terms - Racism

Racism (noun) – The institutionalized domination of one racial group by another. –


sociology terms - Rationalization

Rationalization (noun) – The process of subjecting social relationships to calculation and administration. –


sociology terms - Reflexivity

Reflexivity (noun) – The ability to stand back and assess aspects of one’s own behaviour, society, culture etc in relation to such factors as their motivations, origins, meanings, etc. –

Social Control

sociology terms - Social control

Social Control (noun) – The relatively patterned and systematic ways in which society guides and restrains individual behaviors so that people act in predictiable and desirable ways. –

Social Mobility

sociology terms - Social mobility

Social Mobility (noun) – The movement from one status to another within a stratified society. –


Status (noun) – A socially defined position in society that carries with it certain prescribed rights, obligations, and expected behaviors. –

Structural Functionalism

Sociology terms - Structural Functionalism

Structural Functionalism (noun) – One of the major theoretical perspectives in sociology, developed by Talcott Parsons: focuses on how the various parts of society fit together or adjust to maintain the equilibrium of the whole. –