sociology and international development
Applied Worldwide contributor Hassan Idris writes about sociology, technology, and international development.

Innovation, Technology and International Development

Without innovation, there would not be technology. There will always be a connection between innovation, technology and international development. Innovation leads to technological development. Innovation and technology have made things easy for man in the global world. There’s no development without technology and innovation and there is no society hitherto, deemed as developed or developing without technological advancement and innovations. W. Brian Arthur in his 2009 book, The Nature of Technology: What It Is and How It Evolves, sketched out three conceptions of technology.

  • “The first and most basic one is that a technology is a means to fulfill a human purpose… As a means, a technology may be a method or process or device… Or it may be complicated… Or it may be material… Or it may be nonmaterial. Whichever it is, it is always a means to carry out a human purpose.”
  • “The second definition is a plural one: technology as an assemblage of practices and components.”
  • “I will also allow a third meaning. This technology as the entire collection of devices and engineering practices available to a culture.”

The new global networks have created connections between people, organisations and nations, unleashing dramatic opportunities for development. But unless developing nations create the right conditions for progress, investing in industry and innovation, while building state capacity and skills, there is a risk that a further digital divide opens up between developed and developing countries. And rather than try to apply patches later, we need to focus efforts on making it run at the same speed across the board today.

Innovation is the multi-stage process whereby organizations transform ideas into new/improved products, service or processes, in order to advance, compete and differentiate themselves successfully in their marketplace” (Baregheh, Rowley, & Sambrook, 2009).

Innovation represents the core renewal process in any organization. Unless it changes what it offers the world (product/service innovation) and the ways in which it creates and delivers those offerings (process innovation) it risks its survival and growth prospects.” (Bessant, Lamming, Noke, & Phillips, 2005). There’s no country that will develop if it lacks technology. Technology will accelerate Africa’s growth in the sense that Africa can compete with the global world.

Accelerating and change of the health care sectors in Africa will be as a result of technology and innovation. India, China, and U.S.A were deemed to have good and better health care facilities as a result of technology and innovation. The growth of these countries were accelerated by technology and innovation. China battling with COVID-19 pandemic was able to build a very big hospital and with testing instruments, incubator and many more within a short period of time.

This was with the help of technology and innovation. In battling many dreadful diseases and advancement in health sectors, technology and innovation are the only ways Africa could achieve that via accelerative and avid growth in technology and innovation will pave away for avid growth and development in Africa.

In terms of industrialization, countries termed as industrialized have met the requisites and accelerative standard of technology and innovation. Technology brings about job opportunities and betterment of lives in every developed countries.

Industrialization can not be achieved without the growth and advancement of technology and innovation. Technological advancement creates chance for industrialization and development and creating chance for innovation. Africa too can achieve what other countries have achieved via technological advancement. Technological mindset and innovative mindset put into practice will surely accelerate Africa’s growth, boast it’s economy, political sphere and even legal sphere.

The only role of technology and innovation will surely accelerate Africa’s growth and reduce the rate of poverty and beclouding Africa. Technology and innovation will surely create a better way to reduce Africa’s population of poor people bedeviled by poverty. Technology and innovation will surely protect Africa from internal and external attack. It will surely boast the military force and reduce criminalities.

Technology is the fire for development and innovation. And in conclusion, there is no country that has reached stage of development without technology and innovation.

Raeda Anderson, PhD: Technology and Health Outcomes for People with Disabilities

Hassan Idris

Hassan Idris is from Kogi state Nigeria, a writer, poet, essayist, a graduate of Sociology and Anthropology from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria. He's a member of the Creative writer's Club, A. B. U Zaria, Creative Club Gombe State University, Northern writer's Summit, Risingyouth, and Hill-Top Creative Arts Foundation. His works have appeared in a variety of press outlets. He's a guest writer/Contributor for Applied Worldwide (USA), Chairman, Benue Hill-Top Creative Arts Foundation branch and an editor with Wadata TV, Nigeria. He received an Award from the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria as the best researcher in 2017, and he's the third place winner of Applied Worldwide's student essay competition in the US in 2020 and 2021. He was hosted by the Legislator representing Makurdi North, Hon. Thomas Kwagh-Kudi Terfa in his office, Benue State House Of Assembly in 2020 for making his constituency proud. He's a reviewer and his review of the book, Behind The Moon  was featured in Africaprimenews.com. He happens to be the first reviewer of the book, Pruning The Youngstar written by a Kenyan Author. He's the author of Armageddon of Love (poetry collection) featured in The Abusites, Speakingheart.com, Opera news, etc.