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Sociology and Poetry: How Sociology Impacts my Poems

In order to talk about how sociology plays a role in my poetry as a poet, it will be better and easier if I define sociology and poetry to ease the process.

What is Sociology?

Sociology is the study of human social relationships and institutions. Sociology’s subject matter is diverse, ranging from crime to religion, from the family to the state, from the divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture, and from social stability to radical change in whole societies.

Unifying these diverse subjects of study is sociology’s purpose of understanding how human action and consciousness both shape and are shaped by surrounding cultural and social structures. Sociology is an exciting and illuminating field of study that analyzes and explains important matters in our personal lives, our communities, and the world. 

At the personal level, sociology investigates the social causes and consequences of such things as romantic love, racial and gender identity, family conflict, deviant behavior, aging, and religious faith. At the societal level, sociology examines and explains matters like crime and law, poverty and wealth, prejudice and discrimination, schools and education, business firms, urban community, and social movements.  At the global level, sociology studies such phenomena as population growth and migration, war and peace, and economic development.

What is Poetry?

Poetry, on the other hand, is an aspect of literature that evokes a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience or a specific emotional response through language chosen and arranged for its meaning, sound, and rhythm.

I have always wanted to come out differently from my mates and other sociologists with the ability to create or attach something to my knowledge of sociology. I found out that poetry makes me happy and I am able to portray sociology via poetry. I decided to get books on poetry and read at my leisure time and put what I learnt into practice. I attended online courses on poetry and also submitted my poems on many poetry websites.

I met with many friends on social media who write poems online and I worked harder to polish my writing skills. With time, I decided to let sociology play a bigger role in my poetry. I looked and analyzed the sociological standards of my society, and wrote poems using my sociological knowledge (imagination). Poetry entails creativity that is meant to pass a good, touching and understandable message to the readers.

Interview with the Author

How do I Use Sociology and Poetry?

Therefore, I write poems that revolve around culture, (human) interactions, suicide, banditry, insurgency, kidnapping, war, crime, leadership, feminism, love, unity and many more sociological issues. Some of my course mates in the university started tagging me a ‘Sociological Poet,” because I have gathered the experience and knowledge of writing sociological issues through the art of poetry. 

Sociology has really played a vital role in enhancing my poetry. Sociology gives me insight on peoples interactions, culture, religion, love and many more. From there on, with the knowledge of poetry I gathered overtime, it makes it easier for me to discuss these social problems via poetry. 

Sociology and Poetry, Social Change

I have been able to merge sociology and poetry to send messages to the world at my leisure time. Sociology serves as the drive and poetry as the instinct (muse). Most of the poems I have written so far have been sociological, as I try to portray the things happening practically in our society from a sociological standpoint into poetry. If a person reads and reread my poems, he or she will get the sociological messages I passed in the piece accompanied with the role of beauty in it.

Being a student of sociology and a passionate writer who engages in the art of poetry has been an effective way for me to solve societal problems through the use of poetry. Mixing the art of poetry with sociology has been a noticeable attribute in my poems so far. Let me share some excerpt of my poems that are from my experience using my already acquired knowledge of sociology as a standpoint. 

Sociology and Poetry: My Poem Called Borno

In my poem titled “Borno,” I narrated (in poetic techniques) the banditry, insurgency, kidnapping and a lot of sociological problems which has driven Nigeria and Borno state into its sickly infancy, how it affects the social interactions, peace and functionality of the world; and how it could also lead to suicide and many social anti-developmental forces. 


Our harmony tore to pieces,

with our eyes open we slept,

for our land has been raped.

Like monkeys we live in the forest,

living behind our homes homeless,

and our chickens roasted.

​Sociology and Poetry: My Poem Called I Foresaw

In my other poem titled “I foresaw,” I analyzed the disunity in the world and my country, Nigeria, considering how ethnicity, religious dogmatism, intolerance and many more social vices have attacked the country and how these social vices could cause social denigration, underdevelopment and many more in the world. 

I Foresaw

I foresaw,

her being raped by selfishness and brutal intolerance;

harvest of love have been put to pang.

I foresaw,

ethnicity and intolerance have become her fertilizers;

religious dogmatism have became the manure.

to boast her.

I foresaw her

grasses being brutally martyred,

and her harvest became the Armageddon of war

I foresaw her

being adorned with sorrows,

and her grasses spewing out hatred.

I foresaw in her

few selfish farmers,

benefiting from her nutrients.


Conclusively, sociology has really played vibrant roles in my poetry. It has helped me understand how to use my poem (and the voice in it) to solve societal problems. I believe anyone else can do what I did in his or her leisure time with dedication and hard work. The art of poetry comes with a price (which I paid fully), and sociology has been one of the best way to give poetry the voice it needs to make this world a better place.

From Nigeria Blog Series

Hassan Idris

Hassan Idris is from Kogi state Nigeria, a writer, poet, essayist, a graduate of Sociology and Anthropology from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria. He's a member of the Creative writer's Club, A. B. U Zaria, Creative Club Gombe State University, Northern writer's Summit, Risingyouth, and Hill-Top Creative Arts Foundation. His works have appeared in a variety of press outlets. He's a guest writer/Contributor for Applied Worldwide (USA), Chairman, Benue Hill-Top Creative Arts Foundation branch and an editor with Wadata TV, Nigeria. He received an Award from the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria-Nigeria as the best researcher in 2017, and he's the third place winner of Applied Worldwide's student essay competition in the US in 2020 and 2021. He was hosted by the Legislator representing Makurdi North, Hon. Thomas Kwagh-Kudi Terfa in his office, Benue State House Of Assembly in 2020 for making his constituency proud. He's a reviewer and his review of the book, Behind The Moon  was featured in He happens to be the first reviewer of the book, Pruning The Youngstar written by a Kenyan Author. He's the author of Armageddon of Love (poetry collection) featured in The Abusites,, Opera news, etc.